Under relatively low heterogeneity, highly accurate and rapid adaptive movement most often increases both the between-patch correlation of density and the variation in the total density of both species compared to a similar system having a low rate of random movement. However, such adaptive movement can decrease between-patch
correlation and global population variability when (1) the consumer’s movement is moderately sensitive to fitness differences and heterogeneity is relatively low, or (2) one of the patches would be stable in isolation, and the stable patch supports a sufficiently large consumer population. In both cases, the dynamics are typically either a stable equilibrium or a simple anti-phase cycle
GDC-0973 molecular weight with low variation in total population size. Under adaptive movement, CFTRinh-172 population variability is often lowest for intermediate levels of heterogeneity, but monotonic increases or decreases with increasing spatial heterogeneity are possible, depending on the fitness sensitivity of movement and how the characteristic that differs between patches affects within-patch stability and population size. High rates of random movement can lead to greater stability than adaptive movement when consumers are very efficient. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“In this study, we explored different spontaneous functional connectivity patterns between the anterior prefrontal cortex and other brain regions in nonmedicated patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder in a resting state, and examined the relationship between the abnormal spontaneous functional connectivity patterns of the anterior prefrontal cortex and clinical symptoms in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Twenty nonmedicated patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and 20 sex-matched
Clostridium perfringens alpha toxin and age-matched healthy individuals underwent resting state functional MRI scanning. Compared with the healthy controls, significantly increased positive functional connectivity with the right anterior prefrontal cortex was observed in the right insula and the middle cingulate cortex in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Our findings suggest that abnormal intrinsic or spontaneous functional connectivity in the cognitive control system in a resting state may underlie the pathophysiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder. NeuroReport 23:681-686 (C) 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health vertical bar Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.”
“Microchimerism (Mc) refers to the harboring of a small number of cells (or DNA) that originated in a different individual. Naturally acquired Mc derives primarily from maternal cells in her progeny, or cells of fetal origin in women.