(C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Background: Pancreatic cancer
is often accompanied by severe abdominal or back pain. It’s the first study to evaluate the analgesic effect of electroacupuncture on pancreatic cancer pain. A randomized controlled trial compared electroacupuncture with control acupuncture using the placebo needle.\n\nMethods: Sixty patients with pancreatic cancer pain were randomly assigned to the electroacupuncture group (n = 30) and the placebo control group (n = 30). Patients were treated on Jiaji (Ex-B2) points T8-T12 bilaterally for 30 min once a day for 3 days. Pain intensity was assessed with numerical rated scales (NRS) before the treatment (Baseline), after 3 treatments, and 2 days follow-up.\n\nResults: Baseline characteristics were similar in the two groups. After 3 treatment, Vactosertib mouse pain intensity on NRS decreased compared BEZ235 with Baseline (-1.67, 95% confidence interval [CI] -1.46 to -1.87) in the electroacupuncture group; there was little change (-0.13, 95% CI 0.08 to -0.35) in control group; the difference between two groups was statistically significant (P < 0.001). Follow-up also found a significant reduction in pain intensity in the electroacupuncture group compared with the control group (P < 0.001).\n\nConclusions: Electroacupuncture was an effective treatment for relieving
pancreatic cancer pain. Copyright (C) 2013, IAP and EPC. Published by Elsevier VX 809 India, a division of Reed Elsevier India Pvt. Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“CD39 (NTPDase1), a critical immune and vascular ecto-nucleotidase, hydrolyses pro-inflammatory
and pro-thrombotic nucleotides (adenosine-5-triphosphate (ATP) and adenosine diphosphate) to adenosine. In humans, CD39 is the dominant ecto-nucleotidase in placental trophoblastic tissues and modulates ATP-dependent trophoblastic functions. CD39 is an integral component of regulatory T cells (Treg), which are central to immunological tolerance and maintenance of normal pregnancy. We examined the impact of CD39 overexpression in a mouse model of preeclampsia. Matings were performed between virginal BALB/c female (wild-type (WT) or CD39 transgenic (CD39TG)) and C57BL/6 male mice. On days 10 and 12 of pregnancy BALB/c Th1-polarized cells were injected. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was measured throughout pregnancy. Mice were sacrificed at day 15 of pregnancy. Following transfer of Th1-polarized cells, SBP of pregnant WT mice increased (118 +/- 3mmHg to 142 +/- 5mmHg). Although ultrastructural changes were evident in the kidney this was not accompanied by significant proteinuria. SBP remained unchanged (115 +/- 2mmHg to 114 +/- 3mmHg) in pregnant CD39TG mice without evidence of renal lesions. We conclude that gestational hypertension can be induced in mice following transfer of maternally derived Th1-polarized cells and that overexpression of CD39 is protective in this model.