The filters’ functional characteristics, such the resonant freque

The filters’ functional characteristics, such the resonant frequencies Selleck FK228 where the transmission minima occur, the free spectral range. the extinction ratio, and the minima linewidth associated with the quality factor of the resonances, arc investigated for different values of the key structural parameters. namely, the ring radius and the gap separating the bus waveguide from the ring. The rigorous 3D-FEM simulations are qualitatively complemented by it simplified model. Apart from the harmonic propagation simulations, the uncoupled

microring is treated as an eigenvalue problem, and the frequencies of the resonances are compared with those of the transmission minima. Furthermore, the possibility of exploiting the thermally tuned microring resonator filter as a switching element is explored. The shift in the transmission minima is quantified when the ring’s refractive index is altered by virtue of Ohmic heating, and in addition to that, the temporal response is assessed by solving the transient problem. (C) 2009 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3256139]“
“Women undergoing InterStim implantation

for overactive bladder (OAB) or painful bladder syndrome (PBS) were prospectively evaluated to determine if neuromodulation has any effect on female sexual function (FSF).

Sexually active women in our InterStim database completed a female sexual function index (FSFI) preoperatively and at 6 months.

Of 105 women, 54 have 6-month follow-up data. Of these, 27 were sexually active preoperatively and at follow-up. buy OSI-744 The mean (standard deviation (SD)) FSFI improved from 18.7 (6.8) preoperatively to 21.0 (6.0) postoperatively; however, this was not statistically significant (p = 0.220). Subgroup analysis of patients with OAB revealed that mean (SD) FSFI preoperatively was 18.6 (8.0) and 22.4 (6.4) at 6 months (p = 0.257). In the

PBS group, mean (SD) FSFI was 18.8 (6.3) preoperatively and 18.7 (5.8) at 6 months (p = 0.98).

Neuromodulation does not significantly improve FSF in a heterogenous population. Additional studies are needed to confirm the findings in our study.”
“Objective Selleckchem GDC 0068 The objective was to assess the effectiveness of a volunteer-delivered tailored telephone-based intervention in reducing prevalence of unmet supportive care needs, elevated levels of anxiety and depression among people with colorectal cancer over a 9-month period. Methods There were 653 participants who completed the baseline questionnaire and were randomised to usual care (n?=?341) or intervention (n?=?306). Three follow-up questionnaires were completed at 3-monthly intervals (response rates: 93%, 87%, 82%, respectively). All four questionnaires contained the Supportive Care Needs Survey (SCNS), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and checklists for colorectal cancer symptoms and use of support services.

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