Subjects and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey
of 83 dental auxiliaries was conducted that included 12 technologists, 11 therapists, 53 nurses/surgical assistants, and 7 record officers. The survey included demography, history of needlestick and sharps injury, hepatitis B vaccination, knowledge and attitude towards HIV-infected patients, and the dental auxiliaries’ information needs on HIV-related issues. Results: Of the 83 dental auxiliaries, 34 (41%) had experienced SN-38 clinical trial needlestick and sharps injury in the last 12 months. At the time of the study, only 43 (51.8%) had been immunized against hepatitis B. 62 (74.7%) of the respondents thought that it was easier to contract HIV than hepatitis B through needlestick in a dental
clinic. 21 (25.3%) would not assist dentists treating HIV-positive patients. However, 76 (91.6%), a majority, agreed that they needed more information on HIV-related issues, with 59 (71.1%) specifying a single area of need and 17 (20.5%) more than one area of need. The single areas of need specified in descending order were infection control (n = 22, 26.5%), HIV counseling (n = 12, 14.5%), oral manifestations of HIV/AIDS (n = 11, 13.3%), postexposure prophylaxis (n = 9, 10.8%), Alvocidib price and antiretroviral therapy (n = 5, 6.0%). Conclusion: The data from this survey underscore the urgent need for educational interventions to encourage safe work practices. Hepatitis B vaccination, find more HIV-related knowledge and proper postexposure prophylaxis are needed to prevent occupational transmission of blood-borne viruses. Copyright (C) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“In situ studies of the growth of the acentric crystal alpha-resorcinol from the vapor phase confirm that the mechanism of growth differs on the faces presented at the opposite ends of the polar axis of this material. At medium supersaturations (sigma = 0.76), the growth
of the (0 (11) over bar) and (01 (1) over bar) faces proceeds by the cooperative development of strongly propagating growth sources. Under similar conditions, the (011) and (0 (1) over bar1) faces develop a mosaic of flat-topped growth centers. These develop individually and merge to form a continuous, curved, facet bearing a few residual, weakly propagating birth and spread growth sources. The degree to which this mosaic growth occurs depends on the damage done to the face of the seed crystal during preparation. This behavior accounts for the previously observed wide variation in the estimates of growth rate of the positive faces and the differential in growth rates compared with that of the negative faces. On more perfect (011) surfaces, growth is restricted to a small degree of nucleation at isolated random centers. These nuclei undergo a more limited localized growth to yield a nonpropagating macroscopic surface roughness.