Figure 5 WT1 protein expression is inversely correlated with miR-

Figure 5 WT1 protein expression is inversely correlated with miR-15a or PD0332991 manufacturer miR-16-1 expression in AML samples and normal controls. (A) WT1 protein levels from 2 normal controls (N1 and N2) and 6 AML samples (P1-P6) were measured by Western blotting. The numbers represent the relative expression of miR-15a and miR-16-1 in the same specimens. (B) and (C) Inverse correlation between miR-15a or miR-16-1 expression and WT1 protein level in 25 primary AML samples and 5 normal controls. A statistically significant correlation between miR-15a or miR-16-1 expression and WT1 protein level was observed by Pearson’s method. WT1 verse miR-15a R = -0.73 P < 0.01; WT1 verse miR-16-1 R = -0.76

P < 0.01 Discussion Although Tariquidar purchase miRNA signatures for leukemic cell have been established, elucidation of the role of miRNAs in leukemogenesis remains in the early stage of development[20]. Calin and others presented that miR-15a/16-1 act as tumor suppressor by inhibiting the growth of tumor engraftments of leukemic cells in nude mice in vivo[10]. Furthermore using microarray and proteomics analysis, they found miR-15a/16-1 exerted antileukemic effect by targeting Bcl-2, WT1, and PDCD4 [10]. We used PicTar, TargetScan, and MiRanda, selleckchem the most widely used algorithms for the identification

of miRNA targets, to predict the target of miR-15a/16-1. To our surprise we could not find WT1 as the predicted target of miR-15a/16-1. Then we cloned Molecular motor the 3′UTR region of WT1 downstream of a luciferase reporter gene and corresponding negative control into K562 and HL-60 cells, but the luciferase activity of cells transfected with pRS-15/16 was not significantly decreased compared with the negative control. This data indicate miR-15a/16-1 regulate WT1 protein expression not

through targeting mRNAs according to the degree of complementarity with their 3′UTR. miR-15a/16-1 might regulate gene transcription by a different mechanism than RNA-induced silencing complex mediated protein translation inhibition and/or mRNA cleavage. Our understanding of the mechanisms by which miRNAs mediate their effects probably reflects a tip of the iceberg. Eiring et al. demonstrated that the interaction between miR-328 and poly(rC)-binding protein hnRNP E2 is independent of the microRNA’s seed sequence[21]. They also revealed the dual ability of a microRNA to control cell fate not only through base pairing with mRNA targets but also through a decoy activity that interferes with the function of regulatory proteins[21]. miRNAs also target the 5′UTR or the coding sequence of mRNA and contribute to their down-regulation[22]. Jing et al. showed that AU-rich elements (AREs) mediated instability was implicated in the regulation of gene expression by miR-15a and miR-16-1[23]. Given that the interaction of miRNAs and their target genes is complicated, more research is needed to decipher the mechanisms by which miR-15a/16-1 down-regulate WT1 protein level.

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