(C) 2008 Elsevier B V All rights reserved “
“Purpose: Gende

(C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Purpose: Gender-specific differences exist between male and female infertility patients ‘mental health, the meaning of infertility in their lives, and the coping strategies used. This systematic review examines whether gender-specific aspects are addressed in psychological intervention studies for infertility and whether infertile women and men benefit equally from such interventions.\n\nMethods: Databases were searched to identify relevant articles published between 1978 and 2007 (384 articles). The review included both controlled and uncontrolled psychological intervention studies examining results

for infertile women and men separately. Outcome measures (depressive symptoms, anxiety, and mental distress) FK506 and gender-specific baseline characteristics (mental distress at pre-assessment, cause of infertility, and medical treatment) were collected. A total of twelve studies were finally selleck chemicals llc included.\n\nResults: In 10 of 12 studies, women exhibited higher levels of mental distress than men. Gender-specific aspects were not addressed in the psychological interventions.

Examining the efficacy of psychological interventions revealed that women exhibited stronger positive mental health effects in 2 of the 12 studies.\n\nConclusion: Psychological distress before psychological treatment seems more pronounced in women than in men. Therefore psychological interventions for infertile couples should take gender-specific aspects into account. More research

is needed to address the gender-specific aspects regarding psychological interventions for infertility.”
“Seven eclogite samples from 223 to 584 m depths selleck kinase inhibitor in the Chinese Continental Scientific Drilling main borehole (CCSD-H) in the Sulu ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic (UHPM) terrane, Eastern China, were studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), in order to characterise their microstructures. We observed, among others, omphacite, jadeitic diopside, garnet, amphibole, rutile, Na-rich plagioclase, quartz, K-feldspar, analcime, and diamond (contamination). Omphacite shows a well-known diffusion-ontrolled disorder-order phase transition which gives rise to antiphase domains (APDs). In our samples we observed a variation of the APDs’ size between similar to 5 nm and 2 mu m which is correlated with the content in jadeite (Jd) component. The broad maximum of similar to 1-2 mm APDs’ size is centred on Jd50. This size drops to similar to 5-10 nm for Jd37 and Jd66. The size variation can be explained with the T-path of the respective omphacites. While the large APDs of the omphacites formed and coarsened during subduction and exhumation, the smallest APDs formed and grew during exhumation. In contrast to other eclogite occurrences, deformational defects in omphacites from the CCSD-eclogites are mostly very rare.

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