Bergenin Cuscutin studies have examined whether the effects of language experience

Do with H Henunterschieden Bergenin Cuscutin in their native language than speakers of non-tonal languages. However, it appears that previous studies have not systematically monitored L two m Possible St rfaktoren. One factor is the prior knowledge of the target language. For example, Lee et al’s study, the performance difference is due to the fact that Cantonese speakers have revealed too much, in fact, learn Mandarin in Hong Kong long exposure to Mandarin. Furthermore, no previous studies have examined whether the effects of language experience occur non-native tone perception of sound and / or phonological level. In fact, it is not certain that the language of experience with T NEN is not your native language facilitates the perception in general, or pleased T by the specific contrasts of tone in the L1 system is limited, and if the performance of auditors from different linguistic backgrounds differ systematically according to the fa one that uses the sound in their native language.
Another potential confounder is prior musical training, which was not checked Lee or evaluated in Lee et al. It was found that Zuh Rer with a history of music education in general nonmusically Zuh Rer crossed trained on non-native lexical tone perception. For this purpose, this study examined the perception among non-native bcl-2 Zuh Rer tone of different linguistic backgrounds, different systematic, w During controlled Lant their previous experience with the target language, and, for the musical education. In addition, studies have shown that the four T Ne in Mandarin, not all pro Us and both non-native Zuh Rer, and the trend appears to sprachunabh Be dependent.
Some pairs of T NEN in Mandarin are easily confused than others, apparently because of Similarities in appearance and not the offset values and their contour shapes. Tone pairs 2 and 3 Tone Tone 1 Tone 4 are often difficult for learners of Mandarin tonal discrimination of indigenous languages. This implies that the auditors, the sensibility t for the universal, the slope of the phonetic information was at work may need during the perception of happy, t, that particular language, contrastive phonological information. However, it is unclear whether the same patterns of perception also occur for other non-native tonal language Zuh Rer, as Lee et al. have not been tested, the discrimination of these pairs of T NEN Zuh in Cantonese rer.
The extent the tonal contours of your force is not your native language perception, it should be non-native Zuh apply rer of clay and non-tonal languages. If the resulting models rern independent Ngig of Zuh, Indigenous languages are found, this would mean that lengths of contrast sensitivity, the sound of the plaintiff, the phonetic properties so universal language is affected. However, if there are differences in the patterns of power between the different language groups, which means that the use of tonalite t in the audience, the natives of phonological awareness forced. Furthermore, if the effect of L1 linguistic experience on the perception of nonnative speech segmental categories fa ONED of both phonetics and phonology of the language, then the effects are applied to groups such as suprasegmental lexical T Ne, pitch accent and structuring of stress.

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