“The authors assume that individuals adapt rationally to a utility function given constraints imposed by their cognitive architecture and the local task environment.
This assumption underlies a new approach to modeling and understanding cognition-cognitively bounded rational analysis-that sharpens the predictive acuity of general, integrated theories of cognition and action. Such theories provide the necessary computational means to explain the flexible nature of human behavior but in doing so introduce extreme degrees of freedom in accounting for data. The new approach narrows the space of predicted behaviors through analysis of the payoff achieved by alternative strategies, rather than through fitting strategies and theoretical parameters to data. It extends and complements
established approaches, including computational cognitive architectures, rational analysis, Fedratinib molecular weight optimal motor control, bounded rationality, and signal detection theory. The authors illustrate the approach with a reanalysis of an existing account of psychological refractory period (PRP) dual-task performance and the development and analysis of a new theory of ordered dual-task responses. These analyses yield several novel results, including a new understanding of the role of strategic variation in existing accounts of PRP and the first predictive, quantitative account showing how the details of ordered dual-task phenomena emerge from the rational control of a cognitive system Acalabrutinib subject to the Selleckchem JQ-EZ-05 combined constraints of internal variance, motor interference, and a response selection bottleneck.”
“We report the case of a 59-year-old
man who developed a recurrent aortoenteric fistula (AEF) following previous aorto-bifemoral bypass grafting and subsequent AEF open repair with aorto-bifemoral graft excision and extra-anatomic reconstruction. The patient was treated emergently by means of endovascular plug deployment via a left brachial approach into the infrarenal aortic stump, obtaining recovery of hemodynamic stability. Five days later, he underwent elective relaparotomy, aortic plug removal, infrarenal aortic ligature, and duodenal repair. Endovascular strategies to rapidly stop bleeding associated with recurrent AEF may serve as a “”bridge”" to definitive open repair, as in the case discussed herein. Even if rare, recurrent AEF following previous prosthetic aortic graft excision and extra-anatomic revascularization represents a dreadful event. Since surgical treatment is technically demanding and time consuming in emergent settings, we present an “”unconventional”" endovascular option to obtain quick cessation of aortic bleeding. (J Vasc Surg 2012; 55: 1160-3.